There are two types of disaster that exist. One is natural disaster and other is man-made disaster. Natural disasters are tsunami, floods, tornado, wildfires etc. Man-made disasters are pollution, war etc. These disasters that are man-made are preventable and are triggered due to the politicians. There are many ways in which natural disasters can be avoided through early identification and evacuation planning. Many countries are planning in natural disaster avoidance but do not take enough measures to prevent man-made disasters. The most essential part is that most natural disasters are also caused by human and they themselves suffer due to their mistakes. The country’s leaders need to make sure that these mistakes by the people of the country should be reduced through creating awareness.
There are many departments that are responsible in handling and reducing disasters inside countries which in return has reduced man-made disasters largely which assists in making easy for everyone connected. Metrological department plays the main role in disaster managements. They monitor the nature with their meteorological products to establish proper monitoring of the disasters.
Most importantly that metrological department handles and controls disasters through corrective action using the meteorological products. Moreover there are other departments such as NGOs, homeland security, health care are directly involved in natural disasters which are aiding in reducing the resources, cost and time associated with a natural disaster or man-made disasters. All these departments used their tools that are comfortable and make using these tools easy and fast.
How to avoid natural disasters?
There are many types of disasters that need different saving systems. Tornadoes and wars needs shelters to save the people getting hurt from the wind or the bullet or missiles. Landslide, floods and tsunami are sudden and have equivalent chance of people not being able to recover and departments cannot reduce the effect of them. Furthermore lightening can be protected through staying away from windows and staying inside the houses. Air pollution can be reduced the spread of diseases through people wearing masks and governments finding solutions for the air pollution. Likewise there are many listed natural and man-made disasters which are dangerous and does not have anyways of prevention of that disaster unless it occurs such as floods, tsunami etc. these disasters cannot be prevented but can be able to reduce the impact of the disaster. Making sure that people in the affected areas are equally treated is essential as this will create equal opportunities for everyone. Moreover when disaster occurs everyone should work towards making the disaster less effective in creating chaos in the country.